Sprains & Strains
Sprains and strains are injuries affecting the muscles and ligaments. A sprain is an injury or tear of one or more ligaments that commonly occurs at the wrists, knees, ankles and thumbs. A strain is an injury or tear to the muscle. Strains occur commonly in the back and legs. Sprains and strains occur due to overstretching of the joints during sports activities and accidents such as falls or collisions.
Stress Fracture of The Foot
A stress fracture is a small crack in the bone which occurs from overuse injury. It commonly develops in the weight-bearing bones of the lower leg and foot. When the muscles of the foot are overworked or stressed, they are unable to absorb the stress and transfer it onto the bone, which cracks under the pressure.
'Shin splints' is a term used to describe the pain and inflammation of the tendons, muscles and bone tissue around the tibia or shin bone (a large bone in the lower leg). It occurs as a result of vigorous physical activity such as exercise or sports. The condition is also referred to as medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS).
Return to Play
Return to play is the final phase of recovery where you are deemed fit to play a sport the way you did before an injury. Sports medicine experts help athletes return to play as early as possible. However, returning before adequate healing increases the risk of re-injury which usually requires an extended recovery time.
Foot & Ankle Injuries
Foot and ankle injuries include the injuries in the leg below the knee, and they are common in athletes and while playing sports such as football, hockey and skating.
Severe pain in your shoulders while playing your favorite sport, such as tennis, basketball and gymnastics, may be caused by a torn ligament or dislocation of the shoulder bone.
Fractures of the femur bone, labral tear and hip dislocation are some of the common sports injuries affecting the hip.
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is major stabilizing ligament in the knee, which may tear with over use while playing sports.
Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.